Paris Agreement History

The Paris Agreement History: A Milestone in Climate Change Action

The Paris Agreement, also known as the Paris Climate Accord, is a historic international agreement on climate change signed in 2015 by 196 countries. The agreement is a milestone in the fight against global warming and one of the most significant achievements in the history of international climate negotiations.

The Road to Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement was the culmination of years of negotiations and discussions on the need to address climate change. It grew out of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), an international environmental treaty adopted in 1992. The UNFCCC aimed at stabilizing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting sustainable development. However, it was not legally binding and lacked clear goals and objectives.

After the UNFCCC, there were several international meetings to address climate change, including the Kyoto Protocol in 1997. The Kyoto Protocol was the first legally binding agreement on emissions reduction. However, it failed to gain worldwide support, with the US remaining a notable non-signatory.

The Paris Climate Conference or COP21 in 2015 was a turning point in climate change negotiations as it resulted in the first-ever universally adopted agreement on climate change. The conference brought together world leaders, environmental activists, and scientists to discuss the urgent need to address global warming. The conference was attended by over 40,000 people from various nations, making it one of the largest international conferences ever held.

The Key Elements of the Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement set a global target to limit the rise in the earth`s temperature by less than two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The agreement also aimed to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. It outlined the need for countries to cut their greenhouse gas emissions significantly and to invest in renewable energy. The agreement also highlighted the importance of adaptation and resilience to climate change impacts, particularly for vulnerable countries.

The Paris Agreement has several key features, including:

– Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs): Countries agreed to set their own targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). The NDCs are reviewed and updated every five years to ensure that they are in line with the global goal of limiting temperature rise.

– Transparency and Accountability: The agreement outlines a transparent and robust system for reporting and tracking progress on emissions reduction. Countries are required to report on their progress towards achieving their NDCs, and their reports are monitored and reviewed by the international community.

– Financial Support: Developed countries committed to providing financial, technological, and capacity-building support to developing countries to help them transition to low-carbon economies and adapt to the impacts of climate change.

The Impact of Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement is a significant milestone in the global effort to combat climate change. It is a testament to the power of international cooperation and a symbol of hope for a sustainable future. Since its adoption in 2015, the agreement has been influential in shaping global climate policy. It has inspired countries to take more ambitious actions to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions, invest in renewable energy, and adapt to the impacts of climate change.

The Paris Agreement has also contributed to raising public awareness about the urgent need to address climate change. It has encouraged individuals, businesses, and governments to take action and make a difference. The agreement has helped to create a global momentum towards a low-carbon economy, which is essential to achieve the goal of limiting temperature rise.


The Paris Agreement is a historic milestone in the fight against global warming. It represents a global consensus on the urgent need to address climate change and a commitment to limit temperature rise. The agreement has set the stage for a sustainable future, and it is now up to the international community to work together to turn the agreement into action. The Paris Agreement history is a reminder that we have the power to make a difference and to create a brighter future for ourselves and future generations.